Effects of Chemicals on Plastic Optical Fiber
Plastic optical fiber is resistant to many oils and solvents found in industrial environments or manufacturing plants, making it ideal for data links and sensors that must be immersed in such chemicals. The following page outlines the effects of various chemicals on Mitsubishi ESKA® fiber optic cable.
The information contained herein is presented as a guide to product selection. It is subject to change without notice, and should not be regarded as a representation, warranty or guarantee with regard to the quality, characteristics or use of this product.
Adhesive Chemical Resistance
Since PMMA, the most common polymer used for POF cores, is damaged by chemicals with high amine contents, instant adhesives that use cyanoacrylate should not be used with POF cable and connectors.
Non solvent-type epoxy adhesives are recommended for making POF cable assemblies, but hardeners containing amines should be avoided. Since each adhesive manufacturer uses their own recipe, it is important to test the effects of the adhesives on cores and jackets before use. FiberFin uses and recommends a variety of adhesives, including:
- Glenmarc Industries GER3000 / GEH4000
- Epoxy Technology EPO-TEK 310M
- Tra-Con TRA-BOND F113SC
- Master Bond E21-7P
Fiber Chemical Resistance
The following table lists test results from submersion tests of Mitsubishi ESKA® fiber in various solvents and oils. To pass a test, a cable must not undergo any significant (greater than 1 dB) transmission loss change, or physical change (cracking, swelling, or melting, etc.). Tests were carried out for 24 hours.
|Chemical Agent||Property||ESKA® GK-40 Bare Fiber||ESKA® GH-4001 Cable|
|Oil ATSM #3 (50°C)||Optical Transmission||Pass||Pass|
|Brake Fluid (SAE J1703) (50°C)||Optical Transmission||Fail (after 2 hours)||Pass|
|Transmission Oil (GM 6137M) (50°C)||Optical Transmission||Pass||Pass|
|Antifreeze (GM 1825M) (50°C)||Optical Transmission||Pass||Pass|
|Gasoline (25°C)||Optical Transmission||Fail (after 2 hours)||Fail (after 4 hours)|
|Windshield Washer Fluid (25°C)||Optical Transmission||Pass||Pass|
|5% NaCO Solution (25°C)||Optical Transmission||Pass||Pass|
|Diesel (#2) (25°C)||Optical Transmission||Pass||Pass|
|Carburetor Cleaner (25°C)||Optical Transmission||Fail (after 2 hours)||Fail (after 4 hours)|
Attenuation Over Time
The following plots show the effect of various chemicals on the attenuation loss of Mitsubishi ESKA® fiber optic cable.